Meaning: noun: anger.
ਫਰੀਦਾ ਬੁਰੇ ਦਾ ਭਲਾ ਕਰਿ ਗੁਸਾ ਮਨਿ ਨ ਹਢਾਇ॥ ਦੇਹੀ ਰੋਗੁ ਨ ਲਗਈ ਪਲੈ ਸਭੁ ਕਿਛੁ ਪਾਇ॥
fareedaa bure daa bhalaa kar gusaa man na haḍhaa-i. dehee rog na lagaee palai sabh kichh paa-i.
O Fareed! Do good even to the bad (answer evil with goodness) and do not let anger come into your mind. By doing so, disease does not afflict the body and everything is obtained.
– Sheikh Fareed, Guru Granth Sahib, Page 1381
Message: ANGER, whether expressed or suppressed is well known to be detrimental to health. Science and medicine both confirm that intense fury, hostility, and aggressiveness produce stress hormones in our body. These lead to or aggravate numerous ailments like heart disease, hypertension to name a few. The Gurbani highlights this vice and its ill-effects on our mind and body. The cause may be outside but the punishment is internal. With awareness, we are able to recognize this trait and its negative effects on ourselves and on those around us. We are better able to manage and control our anger before it affects our wellbeing. To answer evil with goodness is not an easy task. With divine guidance we can rise to this elevated level too. By ridding the mind of anger, we gain so much more.
Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one who gets burnt. -Buddha.
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Etymology: From Arabic ghussaa (anger).