Five Major Sikh Events of 1984

Bhajan Lal
Bhajan Lal – CM of Haryana

1) February 17th to 24th, 1984 in Haryana – Indira Gandhi warned the Sikhs living in Punjab that they would be treated just like the Sikhs outside of Punjab. Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale Jee told her that Sikhs are not cowards, one Sikh can take on 20 Hindus. A case was registered against Sant Jee for these comments, but nothing was said to Indira, who openly and publicly threatened Sikhs with violence and told them to be ready to face the consequences of their actions. From February 17th to 24th, Sikhs were killed, dozens of Gurdwaras were burned. and hundreds of shops owned by Sikhs were looted and plundered by Hindus under the orders of Bhajan Lal, Chief Minister of Haryana. No action against the Hindus was taken.

2) Assassination Attempt on Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale – Longowal was growing more and more frustrated with Sant Jee’s growing power. After his failed attempt to have Sant Jee arrested, he tried forcing the Akal Takht to issue a Hukamnama against Sant Jee, however there was no way the Jathedar of Akal Takht could oblige such a request as Sant Jee was too popular among the masses. He then had his secretary employ a Surinder Singh Chhinda and his mistress Baljit Kaur to kill Sant Jee. These two failed to harm Sant Jee even when he was sitting right in front of them, they did not have the courage to shoot Sant Jee, but on April 14th they killed Bhai Surinder Singh Sodhi, one of Sant Jee’s bodyguards. Within 24 hours the murder of Bhai Surinder Singh Sodhi was avenged by the Khalsa, both assassins were killed. Longowal began to fear for his own life. He called Indira and told her she was free to do whatever she wanted to eliminate Sant Jee. However Indira had already started training troops to attack Darbar Sahib (Golden Temple).

3) Longowal’s Betrayal Continues – Longowal was under constant pressure to deal with Sant Jee he had resorted to hiring assassins to kill Sant Jee but:

ਜਾ ਤੂ ਮੇਰੈ ਵਲਿ ਹੈ ਤਾ ਕਿਆ ਮੁਹਛੰਦਾ ॥
When You are on my side, Lord, what do I need to worry about? (SSGS 1096).

He had forcibly removed Sant Jee from the Manji Sahib of the biggest stage in the Darbar Sahib complex, Sant Jee shifted to the roof of Guru Ram Das Langar building. This resulted in the number of people showing up at the Manji Sahib to dwindle, while the Sangat at Guru Ram Das Langar building grew exponentially. Longowal criticized Sant Jee for living in the Akal Takht building, however Sant Jee cited many instances in history where Sikhs had stayed inside the Akal Takht.

Sant Jee on the roof of Guru Ram Das Langar Hall building.
Sant Jee addressing Sangat on the roof of Guru Ram Das Langar Hall building.

4) Operation Blue Star – In late May Indira Gandhi mobilized her troops and deployed them throughout Punjab. On June 1st they began firing weapons into the complex and at the Manji Singh without any warning. The bombardment continued for about 6 hours, and at least 11 people died due to the firing.

The Akal Takhat after Operation Blue Star.
The Akal Takht after Operation Blue Star.

June 2nd was relatively quiet, without much gunfire. The Indian Army sealed the international border from Kashmir to Ganga Nagar. By that night the media and press were removed from Punjab and transportation into and out of Punjab was suspended. The water and supply into the Darbar Sahib complex was cut off by the army. Sangat (the congregation) began arriving in great numbers for the Shaheedi Divas (martyrdom commeoration day) of Guru Arjan Dev Jee on June 3rd. That night a 10PM curfew was declared and thousands of innocent men, women, and children were trapped inside the complex.

On June 4th the fighting resumed. The gunfire and bombardment lasted 7 hours. On June 5th at 7 PM Operation Blue Star, the invasion of the Darbar Sahib complex began. Tanks of the 16th Cavalry Regiment were moved in to enclose the complex. Artillery was used on the buildings, many buildings caught fire. Behind the Akal Takht in a narrow alley, paramilitary commandos attemted to get into the complex. Some of them made it onto the roof of the Akal Takht but were forced to retreat due to heavy gunfire from the Singhs.

Tanks moved into the square in front of Darbar Sahib known as the northern clock tower entrance. At 10:30 PM commandos from the 1st Battalion, the Parachute Regiment attempted to enter the Parkarma (promanade) through the northern entrance but were forced to retreat because of heavy gunfire returned. They suffered many casualties. A second wave of commandos managed to make it onto the parkarma. The Akat Takht was fortified with sandbags and brick guns, from where the Singhs were in a good position to shoot at anyone who attempted to storm the Akal Takht. Two companies of the 7th Garhwal Rifles entered the complex from the opposite side at the southern gate. Two companies of the 15th Kumaons joined them. There were multiple failed attempts to storm the Akal Takht, but the Singhs held their ground. The army suffered many more casualties.

On June 6th at midnight, tanks were used to break down the steps into the parkarma and an 8-wheeled Polish-built armored personal carrier drove towards the Akal Takht. It was destroyed by a Chinese-made rocket propelled grenade launcher. At least six more Vijayanta tanks entered the complex and crushed the marble of the parkarma in order to make their way towards the Akal Takht. The tanks began firing their large 105mm cannons equipped with high explosive squash head shells into the Akal Takht.

Over 80 shells were pumped into the Akal Takht, the results were devastating. The entire front side of the Takht was destroyed and fires started in many of the rooms ruining decorations that dated back to Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The golden dome of the Akal Takht was badly damaged. A 3.7 inch Howitzer gun was mounted on the roof of a building behind the Takht and fired a number of times at the dome.

A battalion of the Kumaon Regiment invaded the hostel complex where much of the Sangat was hiding. When the tanks began to fire on Akal Takht Sant Jee did Ardas in front of Guru Granth Sahib Jee and said, “Those who want to be martyrs come with me.” He along with about 40-50 Singhs ran out of the Akal Takht shooting, and were greeted with a storm of bullets. It is said that there were 72 bullets in Sant Jee’s body and the entire side of his face was missing. The Indian Army set fire to the Sikh Reference Library burning thousands of invaluable relics.

The body of Amar Shaheed Sant Giani Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale
The body of Amar Shaheed Sant Giani Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale
Bhai Satwant Singh and Bhai Beant Singh kill Indira Gandhi and restore Honor within the Khalsa Panth
Bhai Satwant Singh and Bhai Beant Singh kill Indira Gandhi, and restore Honor within the Khalsa Panth.

5) Indira Gandhi Assassination and Aftermath – On October 31, 1984, Operation Blue Star was avenged by Bhai Satwant Singh, Bhai Beant Singh, and Bhai Kehar Singh. At 9 AM on October 31st Indira walked from her house to her office. First Beant Singh fired three shots from his .38-calibre revolver into her chest. As she fell, Satwant Singh emptied all 30 rounds from his Sten sub machine gun into her chest and abdomen. They both shouted “Bole So Nihaal, Sat Sri Akaal” as they killed her.  After shooting her dead, they placed their weapons on the ground and said “We have done what we needed to do, now you can do what you have to”. They were taken into a room where a struggle ensued,and allegedly Satwant Singh grabbed one of the guards handgun. In the struggle Beant Singh was shot and killed. Satwant Singh was injured. Satwant Singh along with Bhai Kehar Singh (Beant Singh’s uncle who conspired with the two) were tried in court and found guilty. They were executed on January 6, 1989.

Following the assassination of Indira Gandhi, death gangs of bloodthirsty Hindus supported by the Congress Party began to attack Sikhs in Delhi, raping, killing, and looting their stores, and Gurdwara Sahibs (sacred places of worship). The police looked on as innocent Sikhs were killed in the streets of Delhi. It is estimated 8,000 Sikhs were killed in India in just three days.

A gang of Hindus attacks a lone Sikh man
A gang of Hindus attacks a lone Sikh man.

References: The Sikhs of Punjab By J.S. Grewal The Gallant Defender By A.R. Darshi sikhmuseum.com

 

Sikh24 Editors can be reached at editors@sikh24.com

16 COMMENTS

  1. The belligerent were
    1) Empire choosen family ” The Gandhi’s” who were given the task of administering India by the Britishers.

    2) Khalsa Pant : Led by Mr Jarnail Singh. He was not educated in World Politics and EMPIRE.

    1947 freedom is an Delusion.

    EMPIRE still rules India by C4

    1) Constitution
    2) Client ARMY
    3) Congress Regimes including the Gandhi family
    4) Commonwealth fellowships.

      • Nehru was the chosen man who was handed over the PM of INDIA by the EMPIRE.
        Dam Dami Taxal and SGPC thought that India was a free Nation in 1947 .
        This is an illusion.
        Indian Nation is ruled by the EMPIRE through C4.

  2. Tell me why was the rule of India handed over to the Nehru family by the Britishers in 1947.
    What is so special about them?.
    Why not Vallabh bhai Patel or Bhagat Singh family?
    The Gandhi family is choosen by the Empire to RULE India .
    They have been aided by

    1) Constitution
    2) Congress Party
    3) Client Army.

    So if you challenge any one of them you directly challenge the EMPIRE the BIG BROTHER.
    And you Know how the BIG BROTHER. deals with REBELS.
    We got a taste of it in 1980-90 era.
    You want to try it again ( Keep me out)
    The consequences will be same and may be even harsher.
    Punjab Towns may be reduced to Rubble or even NUKED.

  3. You will be taken out by a DRONE with an label of
    TERRORIST.
    Shortly the whole planet Earth will be monitored by DRONES of EMPIRE which will be taking out REBELS from planet EARTH.

  4. What about chamche like you ? what non-sense – Empires have seen what the Khalsa Raaj can do and bring.

  5. We believe in Akaal Purakh its what he does fears us and not the Drones or Nuke – which the others will fear.

  6. Sant ji was a real matyr who will always be remembered for what they did for the panth.

    The nukes and drones are not to be feared by a sant sipahi of Guru Gobind Singh ji.

  7. He was used by as a pawn by the Empire to destabilize Punjab and India.
    He never understood how he was being used.

  8. Congress party and Gandhi family are EMPIRES chosen people .
    They have been given the task of Administering India.

  9. Learning from 19 Century MASSACRES and GENOCIDES

    1) 1919 : Jalliana Wala Massacre :– Ideology :——— IMPERIALISM
    2) 1932 : WW- 11 :—————- Ideology :—– RACISM & FASCISM.
    3) 1947 : Partition riots.:—————–Ideology :—— FANATICSM.
    4) 1984 : Genocide -84 :—————- Ideology :– — FANATICSM and HYPER NATIONALISM
    .
    Avoid
    1) Imperialism
    2) Racism
    3) Fanaticism
    4) Hyper Nationalism
    5) Fascism

    We all live in an Multi religious ,Multi National and a Multi Racial World

  10. These incidents are very unfortunate.

    I would like to add a humble correction. It was never a Hindu vs Sikh fight. It was always a congress goons (belligerent) vs sikhs. The congress misued the power given to them by using Army as a pawn.

    The greatness of our sikhs is that even after the 84 genocide they have been hundreds of loyal sikhs joining the Indian Army. This shows their greatness and dedication to the Indian State. The indian army is heavily reliant on the bravery of our sikhs.

    Only the fascist congress government and it’s workers were involved in these deplorable acts. I sincerely think it was not the Indian Government in general as well as Hindus.

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